Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

qr code

open access

eISSN 2233-6052  l  pISSN 2210-9099

Osong Public Health Res Perspect > 9(5); 2018 > Article

Kim and Hyun: Corrigendum to “Associations between Social and Physical Environments, and Physical Activity in Adults from Urban and Rural Regions”[Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2018;9(1):16–24]
The authors regret to report that in the original paper [1], the OR and 95% CI values of the individual level variables in Table 4 are missing. Furthermore, the OR values and 95% CI values of individual and community level variables are missing or incorrectly presented in Table 5.
The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.
Table 4
Effects of individual and community level factors upon moderate or vigorous physical activity: a multilevel analysis; urban.
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR 95%CI OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Fixed effect

Individual level

 Gender Male (ref)
Female 0.675 0.653–0.696 0.675 0.653–0.697

 Age (y) 19–34 (ref)
35–49 1.033 0.988–1.081 1.033 0.988–1.080
50–64 1.295 1.299–1.364 1.295 1.229–1.364

 Marital status Living with spouse (ref)
Divorced, and bereaved 1.086 1.028–1.147 1.086 1.028–1.363
Single 1.377 1.314–1.443 1.376 1.313–1.442

 Education Uneducated (ref)
Elementary school 1.019 0.861–1.205 1.019 0.861–1.206
Middle school 1.004 0.846–1.190 1.004 0.847–1.191
High school 0.963 0.813–1.142 0.965 0.814–1.144
≥College/University 1.042 0.874–1.242 1.044 0.876–1.244

 Job Non-manual (ref)
Manual 1.077 1.034–1.121 1.078 1.035–1.122
Housewife, unemployed 1.022 0.985–1.059 1.022 0.985–1.059

 Household income / monthly <100 1.129 1.041–1.224 1.129 1.040–1.224
100–200 1.075 0.993–1.164 1.075 0.993–1.164
201–300 1.171 1.081–1.268 1.170 1.080–1.267
301–400 1.176 1.088–1.269 1.175 1.088–1.268
≥401(ref)

 Self-rated health Poor (ref)
Neither good nor 1.098 1.059–1.138 1.097 1.059–1.138
Very good 1.217 1.169–1.267 1.217 1.169–1.266

 No. of Chronic diseases 0 (ref)
1 1.040 0.995–1.086 1.040 0.995–1.086
≥2 0.916 0.865–0.969 0.916 0.865–0.969

 BMI Obesity 0.974 0.939–1.009 0.974 0.939–1.009

Community level

 Satisfaction with safety 1.362 0.256–5.941

 Satisfaction with natural environment 0.446 0.159–1.378

 Satisfaction with living environment 2.596 0.382–17.314

 Satisfaction with public transportation 2.829 1.001–7.223

 Satisfaction with health service 0.927 0.357–2.288

 Social cohesion 0.660 0.308–1.477

 Social networks 0.969 0.876–1.072

 Social activity participation 2.534 0.768–14.318

 Presence of cycle paths (ref=no) 0.993 0.815–1.148

 Number of exercise facilities 1.001 0.996–1.001

 Number of sports park 0.978 0.960–0.995

 Number of hiking trails 0.994 0.989–0.999

Community level random effect

 Between community variance (SE) 0.1389(0.026) 0.1406(0.027) 0.0938(0.022)

 ICC 0.040 0.040 0.028

Statistics for the model fit

 Log likelihood −53990.092 −50962.909 −50943.399

 Likelihood-ratio test

 χ2 (p) 2198.89(<.001) 2074.46 (<.001) 1339.29(<.001)
BMI = body mass index, CI = confidence interval, ICC = intra-class correlation.
Table 5
Effects of individual and community level factors upon moderate or vigorous physical activity: a multilevel analysis; rural.
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR 95%CI OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Fixed effect

Individual level

 Gender Male (ref)
Female 0.728 0.696–0.760 0.728 0.696–0.760

 Age (y) 19–34 (ref)
35–49 1.102 1.026–1.184 1.102 1.025–1.183
50–64 1.310 1.207–1.422 1.309 1.206–1.420

 Marital status Living with spouse (ref)
Divorced, and bereaved 1.030 0.962–1.104 1.031 0.963–1.104
Single 1.162 1.080–1.251 1.161 1.079–1.250

 Education Uneducated (ref)
Elementary school 1.019 0.861–1.205 1.019 0.861–1.206
Middle school 1.004 0.846–1.190 1.004 0.847–1.191
High school 0.963 0.813–1.142 0.965 0.814–1.144
≥College/University 1.042 0.874–1.242 1.044 0.876–1.244

 Job Non-manual (ref)
Manual 1.379 1.310–1.452 1.377 1.307–1.450
Housewife, unemployed 0.854 0.806–0.905 0.855 0.807–0.905

 Household income / monthly <100 1.070 1.001–1.163 1.079 1.001–1.164
100–200 1.155 1.069–1.247 1.156 1.070–1.249
201–300 1.147 1.057–1.245 1.149 1.059–1.248
301–400 1.178 1.090–1.273 1.091 1.101–1.274
≥401(ref)

 Self-rated health Poor (ref)
Neither good nor 1.058 1.007–1.111 1.058 1.007–1.111
Very good 1.175 1.115–1.237 1.174 1.114–1.236

 No. of Chronic diseases 0 (ref)
1 1.091 1.033–1.152 1.091 1.033–1.152
≥2 1.012 0.947–1.082 1.012 0.947–1.082

 BMI Obesity 0.985 0.941–1.031 0.985 0.941–1.031

Community level

 Satisfaction with safety 0.047 0.003–0.867

 Satisfaction with natural environment 4.404 0.741–26.156

 Satisfaction with living environment 0.277 0.061–1.253

 Satisfaction with public transportation 2.604 0.781–8.680

 Satisfaction with health service 1.728 0.592–5.039

 Social cohesion 4.693 1.216–18.114

 Social networks 1.023 0.913–1.158

 Social activity participation 0.515 0.203–1.303

 Presence of cycle paths (ref=no) 1.328 1.007–1.751

 Number of exercise facilities 0.997 0.994–1.001

 Number of sports park 1.026 1.001–1.058

 Number of hiking trails 1.025 1.006–1.044

Community level random effect

 Between community variance (SE) 0.1695(0.033) 0.1627(0.032) 0.1123(0.027)

 ICC 0.049 0.047 0.033

Statistics for the model fit

 Log likelihood −30539.61 −27952.831 −27937.739

 Likelihood-ratio test

 χ2 (p) 1472.76(<.001) 1261.70(<.001) 882.40(<.001)
BMI = body mass index, CI = confidence interval, ICC = intra-class correlation.

Notes

Reference
1. Kim BJ, Hyun HS. Associations between Social and Physical Environments,and Physical Activity in Adults from Urban and Rural Regions. Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2018;9(1):16–24.
[Crossref] [PubMed] [PMC] [PDF]